R2 Solutions

Certification Process

The R2 Practices evaluates 13 areas of a recycler’s operational, safety and environmental performance. There are a number of stages involved in the audit process, which will likely take a number of months to complete. 


Step one:  Deciding on a certifying body

The first step in embarking on R2 certification is to contract with a certification body (CB) to conduct the audit.  Recyclers interested in obtaining R2 certification now have a number of certification bodies (CBs) to choose from when seeking certification.  A recycler seeking to obtain R2 certification should consider their CB selection based on schedule availability, price, customer service and training offered to help a firm through this process. 

Once a recycler has decided on a CB, they will enter into a contract with them and begin the process.  All information communicated to the CB during the audit process will be maintained as confidential information.


Step two:  Ensure operational and facility standards are being met

A recycler seeking R2 certification will want to carefully review their operational procedures, materials management and other functions to ensure they are in line with the criteria laid out in the R2 Standard.  The R2 Checklist is a helpful tool to ensure facility operations are in conformity with the prescribed guidelines of the standard. 


Step three:  Audit preparation

In advance of the auditor’s arrival, a recycler will want to have all relevant documentation gathered and ready for review by the auditor.  Such documentation will include, but is not limited to: insurance certificates, compliance documents, downstream vendor information and audits, operating procedures, EH&S plan and other relevant documents. 


Step four:  Facility audit and document review

An auditor from the CB will visit the facility and conduct an inspection of the operational areas related to the R2 Practices standard.   The auditor will review all relevant documentation that demonstrates facility conformity to the standard. 


Step five:  Interim report issued

The CB will issue an interim report that details the findings of the stage one audit.  This report will note areas of conformity and non-conformity.


Step six:  Corrective action review

If any non-conformance is identified during the audit, the recycler will need to take corrective action to come into conformity and demonstrate the corrective action has occurred.  If there is a major non-conformance found in an operational area, an auditor may have to conduct a second site visit.  For other types of non-conformances, the auditor will review supporting documentation that demonstrates the corrective actions have brought the facility into conformity with the R2 Practices.  


Step seven:  Issuance of certification

If all provisions of the R2 Practices standard have been met by the facility, the CB will issue certification for the recycling facility.  Certification is good for three years, with annual audits required.